Small Business Liability Insurance

(Finding the right coverage for your livelihood)

Written by Jessica Huneck
Written by Jessica Huneck

Jessica Huneck is an insurance writer from She began her writing career in 2011 and has since earned herself a bachelor's degree in English writing.

small business owner looking out window

Every business faces potential legal liability to another person or company as the result of mishaps, accidents and negligence. When legal claims result in court cases, even a claim of slander may become terribly expensive. 

A properly designed insurance program can protect your business against these risks.

An independent agent in our network can help you assess the specific liability risks your company may face, whether due to the products you produce or sell, the services you provide, or site-related incidents where customers and others may be at risk. 

Find a local agent today to compare multiple small business liability insurance quotes and find the right coverage for your company.

Legal Liability Expenses

Expenses due to legal action against a business can include a range of costs, including:

  • The time and expense necessary to research the allegations
  • The cost of filing a reply to the action
  • The cost of hiring legal representation if the case goes to trial
  • The cost of a judgment if your business loses the trial or decides to settle the case

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Legal Liability Policies

As a business owner, your legal liability can stem from many different business-related activities, from providing services and selling products to causing an accident while driving for work-related purposes. For that reason, there are multiple types of liability protection.

Liability insurance options include:

  • General liability: This coverage protects the business against bodily injury and property damage claims arising from its basic activities. Every business needs a general liability policy.
  • Professional liability: Also called "errors and omissions" insurance, this type of policy covers losses arising from a company's negligence in providing professional services. This may be important if you provide advice or consulting.
  • Commercial vehicle liability: This coverage protects the business from liability risks while the owner or employees are driving business vehicles, or driving personal vehicles for business purposes.
  • Premises liability: This type of liability coverage protects a business in the event that a patron or visitor is injured on site and claims the business was negligent in properly managing the property, or warning of hazards.
  • Workers compensation: This covers the businesses' liability to its employees who are injured on the job. It may be required by your state.
  • Product liability: Product liability insurance for small business covers risks associated with producing or selling products, and will protect you in the event that a consumer is injured as a result of using the product.
  • Liquor liability: If a business sells alcoholic beverages, this coverage protects against liability under the state's dram shop law.
  • Completed operations insurance: This type of coverage typically covers a contractor's work on a construction project, due to issues that may happen during or after construction is complete. It is often part of a general liability policy but can be purchased separately.
  • Umbrella liability: This policy provides extra liability protection with higher limits.

The specific small business liability insurance you need, and the limit amounts that make the most sense for you, will depend upon the nature of your business. Be sure to work with a knowledgeable agent who can help carefully review your risks and tailor a package to your needs.

Limited Liability Insurance for Small Business

Forming an LLC, or limited liability corporation, is a great idea as one of the critical measures to protect your business, while also shielding your personal assets in the event that your company is sued.

However, the protection of an LLC does not completely eliminate your personally liability. Many small business owners mistakenly believe that a limited liability corporation status is like insurance for their personal assets. But in fact, there are a number of circumstances in which your assets can be at stake, such as:

  • Your company is sued due to your personal negligence.
  • You sign a contract as yourself, essentially providing a personal guarantee, rather than signing the contract as the business.
  • You keep poor records regarding business activities, and it is thus impossible to separate them from your personal activities.
  • You do not have directors and officers in place, or do not maintain your LLC documents.

Some of these activities and errors fall into a category called "piercing the corporate veil," which essentially means that a business owner in some way failed to keep a complete separation between personal and business activities. 

Whether knowingly or accidentally, neglecting to keep your business records straight can put you at risk, even with an LLC in place.

An umbrella policy can serve as additional limited liability insurance for small businesses that want to ensure they have full protection. Ask your agent whether such a policy makes sense for you or for your business.

What Happens When You Need Legal Defense?

Many small business owners do not realize that liability policies typically also provide for the cost of a legal defense for an allegedly negligent act covered under the policy. This is an extremely valuable benefit as the cost to defend a suit through trial can be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In most cases, the legal defense protection is in addition to the limits of liability provided by the policy. In a few cases, defense costs can be written to be "within the limit" meaning that your legal defense costs will be taken out of your liability limits.

It is important to have an agent who understands these distinctions and can advise you accordingly.

What a Basic Liability Policy Does Not Cover

Your general liability policy will have some exclusions. It is a good idea to examine these limitations and purchase additional coverage if you have risks in that area. Policies can differ, but the primary exclusions in most general liability policies are:

  • Use of a personal vehicles for business
  • Use of watercraft or aircraft for business
  • Professional errors and omissions
  • Workers compensation issues
  • Damage to your personal property
  • Disclosure of another person's personal information
  • Damage you cause to property in your care

In addition to reviewing the risks your general liability insurance will not cover, you also want to review all the terms of your policy. For example, a claim arising from a known risk that you did not disclose to your insurance company can lead to a denial of coverage. 

It is important to fully describe your business activities on the initial application so your policy will fully cover your exposures.

An independent agent in our network who specializes in commercial insurance can be an excellent resource when determining the small business liability insurance you need. 

These agents have access to multiple providers and can help you find the specific coverage for your needs and budget.

Professional Liability Insurance for Small Business

Whether you need professional liability insurance for your small business depends on the nature of your work. If you give customers advice, for example, you may need a professional liability policy. 

This includes people who do legal or accounting work, those who provide medical services, and those who provide design consulting, such as graphic designers, landscapers and architects.

Examples of professional liability risks include:

  • A real estate agent gives a client the wrong information on the zoning of a property
  • An insurance agent fails to recommend insurance for a client's known liability exposure
  • An accountant misses an important deduction on a tax return
  • An attorney misses a filing date and a suit is lost
  • A physician makes an improper diagnosis

Typically those who need errors and omissions liability need a professional license in order practice. If you feel you have any risks you are not sure about, you should discuss it with your attorney and your insurance agent.

Umbrella Liability Policies Offer Additional Protection

Most small business liability insurance companies sell umbrella policies in units of $1 million. An umbrella liability policy does two things:

  • First, it sits over all your primary liability policies and gives you additional protection.
  • Second, an umbrella policy can extend coverage to areas not otherwise covered.

As an example, suppose you have a company picnic on a local lake. One of your employees brings a personal boat to the picnic and causes an accident while giving other employees a ride. 

Obviously, the boat owner has responsibility; however, because the boat was engaged in a company function, the business can also be sued.

If your company does not own a boat, chances are that you do not have watercraft liability insurance. However, most umbrella policies will cover this kind of incidental exposure subject to a large deductible (usually $25,000).

Umbrella policies are not standard, so you should carefully examine your policy for any unusual exclusions or restrictions. This is why it is important to work with a knowledgeable agent who can provide complete customer care and ensure that you have adequate small business liability insurance.


Save on Business Insurance

Our independent agents shop around to find you the best coverage.

Small Business Liability Insurance Quotes and Discounts

Getting the right liability insurance for your small business starts with assessing your specific risks and then comparing policies, options and quotes. You will also need to choose the liability limits that make the most sense for you. 

To ensure that you are getting the most competitive rates, be sure to work with an independent agent who can help you compare rates from multiple insurance providers.

Independent agents in our network have access to a wide range of insurance companies. A local agent who specializes in commercial insurance can not only help you find the right coverage, but can also look for small business insurance discounts. 

These may be available if you have certain professional memberships, for example, of if you combine several policies under one company.

Even if your coverage must be assembled through several different insurance providers, a local independent agent can help you get all of your coverage in one place. Contact an agent today to get started comparing small business liability insurance options and costs.

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