Ohio Work Comp Laws

Ohio's Workers' Compensation Laws and Requirements

(What every business owner needs to know for the sake of their employees and their business)

Workers Comp Laws and Requirements

Knowing the laws and requirements surrounding workers' compensation is essential to running a smooth operation. Ohio has its own rules when it comes to workers' compensation, and obtaining coverage when you have just one employee on the payroll is one of them.

An independent insurance agent can help sort through all the facts when it comes to your state-specific laws. All agents have done their market research and are licensed to provide workers' compensation coverage through multiple carriers to make sure you're heading in the right direction.

What Is Workers' Compensation Insurance?

First, you need to know what workers' compensation insurance is before you can know the laws that govern it in the Ohio state program. 

Workers' compensation insurance is an insurance policy taken out by an employer or independent contractor that will pay for medical expenses of an injury or illness that occurred while working or as a result of working.

This policy will also pay for partial wages (usually up to two-thirds) for any employee, including owner or independent contractor, while they are recovering. 

Almost every state mandates workers' comp coverage in some form or fashion. An independent insurance agent is a knowledgeable resource when it comes to knowing Ohio's workers' compensation guidelines.

Ohio's State Workers' Compensation Insurance Requirements

What Ohio requires for workers' compensation coverage could mean the difference in some serious penalties and back-charged premiums from your state government, not to mention the legal consequences involved if you're found non-compliant. 

It could also mean a hefty lawsuit from one of your employees if you're caught skimping on the proper workers' compensation protection. 

Having the right protection in place is an important part of your business operations, and not having a policy in place could leave you open to financial burdens that no company wants to bear, like:

  • Employee medical expenses
  • Employee lost wages
  • Legal fees

In the state of Ohio, workers' compensation insurance is mandatory even if you have one employee, and must be purchased through the state program. 

An independent insurance agent can get more in the weeds with you when it comes to your state's specifics concerning workers' compensation insurance and any other commercial insurance. 

Keep in mind that your independent insurance agent will have the most current information as it pertains to your business and the state in which you reside. 

Ohio's Workers' Compensation Insurance Laws

Each state looks a little bit different when it comes to workers' compensation coverage and when you are required to obtain it as a business owner. 

But in Ohio, you must acquire workers' compensation insurance once you have just one employee hired with very few exceptions, and you'll have harsh penalties if you neglect to get the proper coverage.

Penalties for not having proper workers' comp coverage in Ohio:

  • Stiff financial penalties
  • Be charged with a misdemeanor
  • Be charged with a felony
  • Be imprisoned

An independent insurance agent can be exactly what you need when you're looking for coverage to help you avoid the trouble of being sued personally by your injured employee. Just call it the cost of doing business and move on fully protected without the burden of a potential lawsuit to worry about. 

Ohio's Workers' Compensation Insurance Fraud Laws

Insurance fraud is a big deal. Filing a claim that isn't real or has been manipulated all in an effort to get a large payout from the insurance company should be taken very seriously mainly because it lacks integrity, but also because the consequences could be dire to you, your employee, and your business. 

Some insurance fraud consequences:

  • Penalties and fines ranging from hundreds to thousands of dollars
  • Jail time from one year to thirty years

The result of filing a faulty workers' compensation claim and being caught isn't worth the risk. An employee can file a false claim wanting a payout for an injury or exaggerated illness. 

An employer can misclassify an employee to avoid them filing a claim in the first place, and a healthcare provider can extend the injury or illness to continue getting payment from an insurance company. 

As the employer, you set the stage. And by setting up proper safety practices and a clean claims reporting process, you can help curb the chances of false claims being filed.

Workers' Compensation Insurance Companies in Ohio

Ohio work comp

Since Ohio has a workers' compensation state program, there is only one option for workers' compensation insurance and that is through them. The real kicker is what industry you are in. The more risk your employees take on by working for you, the higher your premiums will be. 

For example, if you have a buckeye tree cutting company and your employees are sawing heavy trees all the livelong day, your workers' compensation premium is one of the highest premiums in the business. Because your chances of filing a costly claim are frequent and high, the state fund will charge accordingly.

On the other hand, if you own a retail shop selling buckeye candy and your employees are stocking shelves and greeting customers, then you have one of the lowest workers' compensation premiums on the market because your business just isn't that risky. 

All in all, the state program is designed to charge according to your risk factors just like private workers' compensation insurance companies.

Ohio work comp

Some states are monopolistic in their ruling, meaning they require you to obtain insurance through their state programs and only their state programs. The four states that adopted this state-funded workers' compensation program are as follows: North Dakota, Ohio, Washington, and Wyoming.

Self-Insured Workers' Compensation in Ohio

Some states allow a business owner to self-insure. All this means is that you, as the business owner, agree to file an exemption through the state channels that declares you're insuring any and all workers' compensation claims internally. 

This is a risky move even if you have deep pockets. It puts your business in jeopardy of financial ruin if a claim gets big enough. And in a world where you're only as good as your worst employee, taking on that kind of gamble is something to seriously consider carefully.

Luckily, your independent insurance agent is an expert at these types of things, and can tell you if your state will allow self-insurance and discuss the repercussions of such a move. All in all, it should be discussed with a trusted advisor before making any long-term commitments.

Ohio's State Workers' Compensation Benefits

In Ohio, benefits are paid in the necessity of the claim. This means that the state-funded program will pay out for as long as medically necessary and requested by a physician. Once an employee is cleared to go back to their regular working duties, then the claim will likely stop responding and be closed out.   

The Ohio workers' compensation program will also pay for lost wages of a worker as long as they are recovering from a work-related injury or illness.

How Long Can You Collect Workers' Compensation in Ohio?

Workers' compensation can be collected and paid out normally until the employee is recovered and discharged from medical care. This is based on the physician's recommendations for the patients' care and recovery. 

The state program usually has specific participating practitioners who you have to receive care from. An independent insurance agent can help with the claims process and making sure all parties, employer, employee, and state program are communicating so there is a timeline of treatment and care.

Who Is Exempt from Workers' Compensation in Ohio?

Since Ohio has it's own state workers' compensation program, there are few exceptions to the rule that you have to obtain coverage. But if your business is just you, you really shouldn't have to worry about getting workers' comp coverage. 

In fact, most owners exclude themselves and simply use their health insurance if they get injured on the job. 

Exempt or not, the bottom line is that it just makes good, plain sense to protect yourself and your business from a potential lawsuit that could happen. And unfortunately, they do happen. 

Discussing your options and whether or not you're exempt with an independent insurance agent is a good place to start as they know all the ins and outs of workers' compensation laws and regulations.

Some other Ohio state program exemptions may be: 

  • Household worker working less than 160 hours per calendar quarter
  • Some volunteers 

What's the Cost of Workers' Compensation in Ohio

Well, it varies, just like any other state or insurance policy for that matter. It's as vast as the number of industries in the world and the only true way to know is to have your agent run the numbers on your business and its specifics through the state program. 

While it's nearly impossible to know what your individual workers' compensation premium will be, here are some determining factors you can look out for.

Workers' compensation price-determining factors:

  • Industry: This plays a big part in the cost of your workers' compensation premium. The riskier your business, the higher your premiums will be.
  • Number of employees: This determines how much your rates will increase. More people equal more money.
  • Gross annual payroll per employee type: Each employee is given a classification code that classifies their job duties, and then premiums are charged according to how risky or not risky their tasks are. The amount of money you pay them will determine the amount of premium per classification code. The more payroll, the more premium you pay. 
  • Experience modification rating: if your business has had workers' compensation insurance for a total of three years or more, and you are paying over $5,000 in annual premium, then you'll be assigned an experience modification rating, aka "mod." This mod will adjust throughout the years depending on the number, length, and frequency of claims turned in. The better the mod, the better rate you will receive. It's kind of like a credit score for your workers' compensation policy.

How to Apply for Workers' Compensation Coverage in Ohio

As a business owner, knowing who to get workers' compensation insurance from can be a bit confusing if you're not familiar with your state requirements. Sure you can just Google it or ask around, but who knows what you're going to get. 

With an independent insurance agent, you get a local Ohio state expert who can scour the Ohio state workers' compensation program like a pro. It's really as simple as it gets. 

Getting workers' compensation coverage with an independent insurance agent goes like this:

Step One: Find a trusted independent insurance agent here.

Step Two: Go over your business details such as employee demographics, payroll, and daily operations for proper classification of workers on your workers' compensation policy.

Step Three: Your independent insurance agent will take your information to the state program and let the offers pour in on coverage and rates. 

Step Four: You and your independent insurance agent decide on your best coverage option as it applies to your specific situation through the state program.

Step Five: Enjoy the freedom of working with a trusted advisor and having them handle all your workers' compensation insurance needs.

Following these five simple steps will ensure that you're on the road to a more protected future as a business owner, giving you appropriate coverage quickly and when you need it. 

Ohio's Workers' Compensation Claim Eligibility Requirements

In order to be eligible for a claim, you need to be able to prove the facts. As a business owner, having proper safety protocols in place for your employees is step one. The next is to have a clear-cut workers' compensation claim reporting process that both you and your independent insurance agent agree upon. 

To determine if a claim will process and pay out benefits, the insurance companies like to make sure they aren't being taken for a ride, so to speak. Having a streamlined process will help make for a shorter and more accurate claims result. 

In the end, it's down to the adjuster assigned to the claim and the insurance company to determine if a claim fits into their policy form. Time is of the essence, so be sure to report any claims activity within the first 24-hour period.

Benefits of an Independent Insurance Agent

Independent insurance agents have access to multiple insurance companies, ultimately finding you the best coverage, accessibility, and competitive pricing while working for you. 

And as your company grows and your needs change, they'll be there to help you adjust your coverage up or down to make sure you're properly protected without overpaying. Find an independent insurance agent in your community here.

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Ohio Bureau of Worker's Compensation. (2019). https://info.bwc.ohio.gov/wps/portal/bwc/site/home/!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zi_S193D08TQz8LIwszA0c3Uw9g33cA_1dTEz1w_Wj9KNwKzENMYEqMMABHA30C7KzAwH2RoK7/dz/d5/L2dBISEvZ0FBIS9nQSEh/