In recent years, Maryland has paid out $261.93 million in workers' comp claims. Work-related injuries happen every day, from trips and falls to life-altering injuries, but having the right workers' comp coverage can help protect your business. For help navigating workers comp insurance coverage, find a local independent agent.
Workers' Compensation Coverages/Non-Coverages in Maryland
Employees need help paying for medical bills when they get injured on the job. Workers’ compensation insurance is designed to protect employees from the costs of workplace injuries, and protect employers from lawsuits and other unpredictable costs.
Here's a closer look at what workers' compensation covers and does not cover in the state of Maryland.
Workers' comp covers the following:
- Traumatic injuries
- Repetitive-type injuries
- Certain mental injuries
- Occupational diseases
Real-life example of coverage:
A Maryland farm hand gets badly injured on a piece of equipment while working. The employee gets taken to the hospital to be treated for their injuries. A workers' comp policy would help pay for any related medical treatments and other costs.
Workers' comp does not cover:
- Employee illnesses or injuries sustained outside of work
- Accidents that occur while an employee is intoxicated
- Intentional employee injuries to themselves at the workplace
|Workers' Compensation Coverage||Covered||Not Covered|
|Certain mental injuries||
|Employee illnesses or injuries sustained outside of work||
|Accidents that occur while an employee is intoxicated||
|Intentional employee injuries to themselves at the workplace||
An independent insurance agent can further explain what workers' compensation insurance both covers and excludes in Maryland.
Why Do You Need Workers Compensation Insurance in Maryland?
Workers' comp insurance is a necessity for most businesses for several reasons. For starters, it's actually required by law in most states, if your business has employees. Workers' comp also provides critical protection for your business against financial losses.
For most states, workers' comp is required immediately upon hiring a new employee. You'll want to be equipped with coverage before any of your workers get injured or ill on the job so that your business won't be held financially liable. Coverage doesn't kick in for workplace incidents until after you purchase a policy.
What Consequences Could You Face if You Don’t Have Workers’ Compensation in Maryland?
If your business doesn't carry workers' comp to protect your team, you could end up facing legal consequences like fines or jail time. Though some businesses think of workers' comp as optional or unnecessary due to the nature of their operations, coverage can provide important financial protection in case of an incident.
Workers' comp is mandatory in most states, including Maryland, if your business has one or more full-time or part-time employees. Businesses in Maryland without the right workers' comp insurance can be subject to a fine of up to $10,000. If the employer is a corporation, personal liability would be applied to the officers.
Maryland Workers’ Compensation Laws
Under Maryland law, employers with one or more full-time or part-time employees must secure workers’ compensation insurance. Maryland operates a no-fault workers’ compensation system in which an injured employee is entitled to receive benefits for a work-related injury or illness, regardless of who is at fault.
In Maryland, if an illness or injury is job-related, the injured worker receives medical benefits and may receive temporary compensation, if eligibility requirements are met. In some cases, an injured employee may also receive permanent compensation benefits and job retraining.
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How Much Does Maryland Workers’ Compensation Insurance Cost?
Workers’ compensation insurance always costs more for industries and occupations that are presumed to have a higher risk of occupational injuries or illnesses. Cost is determined by how many employees you have, the types of jobs they perform, and your history of accidents and workers’ compensation claims.
In Maryland, the National Council for Compensation Insurance (NCCI) assigns classification codes for each occupation. Each class code is given a recommended base rate for workers’ comp. For the premium, an employer’s annual payroll at the start of the policy period is divided by 100 and then multiplied by the base rate.
Consider the following example:
- Premium: $100,000
- Mod: 0.75 (25% premium credit)
- Premium with mod credit applied: $75,000
- Premium: $100,000
- Mod: 1.0
- Premium is not adjusted
- Premium: $100,000
- Mod: 1.25 (25% premium surcharge/debit)
- Premium with mod debit applied: $125,000
Most employers have employees in more than one classification. An electrician may employ a variety of office workers in addition to electricians. All of an employer’s class codes and related premiums are combined to determine the full Maryland workers’ compensation premium.
Maryland Workers’ Compensation Base Rate Examples
Rates for workers' comp insurance in Maryland may vary among insurance companies based on underwriting standards and credits offered by individual insurers.
Here are some sample base rates (rate per $100 of employer payroll):
|Low mod: $5.25||High mod: $8.40|
|3632 Machine Shop|
|Low mod: $3.45||High mod: $5.52|
|8006 Gas Station|
|Low mod: $1.76||High mod: $2.82|
|8017 Retail Store|
|Low mod: $1.16||High mod: $1.85|
|8380 Auto Shop|
|Low mod: $3.11||High mod: $4.98|
|8742 Outside Sales|
|Low mod: $0.32||High mod: $0.52|
Workers' Comp Cost Per Employee in Maryland
The cost of workers' comp coverage per employee increases with higher company payrolls, as these businesses cost more to insure. Check out a breakdown of how workers' comp costs vary by payroll range in each specific industry below.
Annual Workers' Comp Cost Per Employee
|Industry||Lower Cost||Medium Cost||Upper Cost|
|Finance and Insurance||$634||$1,144||$4,189|
|Hotels / Motels||$465||$1,044||$4,412|
|Manufacturing and Food Production||$823||$1,594||$5,945|
|Professional and Technical Services||$595||$1,178||$4,607|
|Restaurants and Taverns||$189||$421||$1,771|
|Transportation and Warehousing||$1,418||$2,792||$10,885|
Businesses that have a greater track-record of safety and fewer accidents pay less for their coverage. Insurance companies have complex formulas to reset your rates after an accident, likely leading to a noticeable spike in your premiums.
Best Workers' Comp Companies in Maryland
Workers' comp is available from many different insurance companies in Maryland. Here are just a few of our top picks for quality workers' comp insurance carriers.
|Top Workers' Compensation Insurance Companies||Star Rating|
|Builders & Tradesmen's Insurance|
An independent insurance agent can help you look into these workers' comp insurance companies and get matched to the carrier who best meets your needs at the most affordable rate.
Top 6 Most Common Workers' Comp Claims/Injuries
- Lacerations: In other words, deep cuts. These can happen in any industry, but are especially common in the restaurant and manufacturing fields.
- Sprains/strains: Again, these injuries can happen in any industry, but are especially common in job settings where lots of twisting and turning is required.
- Contusions: In other words, bruises and other marks on the skin caused by impact. Contusions often happen from dropped objects, improper lifting, or colliding with an object.
- Burns: Burns can happen in any industry that has a heat source, including restaurants, construction businesses, bakeries, and more.
- Eye injuries: Eye injuries are most frequent in industries that require chemicals, including manufacturing, painting, and construction.
- Fractures: Fractures can happen to employees anywhere, but are especially common in industries that require a lot of movement and the use of heavy machinery.
Why Are Independent Insurance Agents Awesome?
It’s simple. Independent insurance agents simplify the process by shopping and comparing insurance quotes for you. Not only that, but they’ll also cut the jargon and clarify the fine print, so you know exactly what you’re getting.
There’s no business too small for our independent insurance agents. They have access to multiple insurance companies, ultimately finding you the best workers' comp coverage and competitive pricing while working for you.
TrustedChoice.com Article | Reviewed by Paul Martin
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